Pseudonyms were used for a variety of reasons, such as to separately identify music written in a different style or to separate a composing career from another profession.

The Sheffield Independent of 12th April 1897 quoted a short rhyme to explain one reason:

A longer letter in The Referee of 16th June 1907 explained one composer’s personal experience:

A response published the following week did not agree:

By 1928 the need to keep “serious” and “light” music apart was still evident in a report in the Folkestone, Hythe, Sandgate & Cheriton Herald:

Rev G F Naylor, a curate, had written “Give me Kent and you can keep Kentucky” as an antidote to songs extolling the virtues of other countries, but the name of his organist friend was not revealed.

The following list is therefore far from comprehensive and it is difficult to ensure its accuracy.

Yakiv Akimenko

Yakiv Stepovy

Blanche Ray Alden

Theodora Dutton

Charlotte Alington Pye Barnard


Thomas Augustine Barrett

Leslie Stuart, Lester Thomas

Albert Brooks

Oscar Allon

William John Daft

Langton Williams

Percy Elliott

Walter Bush, Godfrey Newark

George Frederick Harris

Rudolph Nordman

John Liptrot Hatton

PB Czapek

Francis Hutcheson

Francis Ireland

William M Hutchison

Josef Meissler, Oscar Sydel

German Edward Jones

Edward German

Albert W Ketelbey

Anton Vodorinsky

Milton and Allen E Lambert

(brothers) Milton Allen

Baroness Jules Legoux

Gilbert Desroches

Edward McDowell

Edgar Thorne

Michael Maybrick

Stephen Adams

Lionel Monckton

Leslie Mayne

Frederic Mullen

Philippe Carton, Anton Lemieux, Pierre Lescaut, Gustav Lind, Jean Morel

Richard Lansdale Munkittrick

Howard Talbot

Robert Roy Paterson

Pierre Perrot, Alfred Stella

Henry Pontet

Marie Piccolomini

Charles Rawlings

Theo Bonheur, Gilbert Loewe, Claude de Vere, Oscar Verne

Alfred Rawlings

Florence Fare, Edith Fortescue, Huan Mee, Frederic W Paine, Ed St Quentin, Ivan Tchakoff, Jules Therese

(The Guinness Book of Music Feats and Facts list many other names used by the Rawlings brothers.)

Helen Rhodes

Guy d’Hardelot

Frederick Joseph Ricketts

Kenneth Alford

Edward Francis Rimbault

Franz Nava

John Roberts

Di Cappo, Karl Kaps

Thomas Peter Wilkes Robinson

Alan Macey

Louis Auguste Florimond Ronger


Mendel Silverstone

Geo S Melville

Edward Slater

Odoardo Barri

James Frederick Swift

Godfrey Marks

Arthur F Tate

Cyril Bateman

Michael Watson

Jules Favre

Régine Wieniawski

Irène Wieniawska, Lady Dean Paul, (Madame) Poldowski

Joseph (Bernard) Williams

Mark Calmond, Pierre Duchêsnes, Lionel Elliott, Arthur Grenville, Conrad Huber, Emlyn St. Maur, Florian Pascal, Charles Tourville, J. B. Waldeck

Lawrence Wright

Horatio Nicholls